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    高效率记单词的方法

     来源:美国留学中心    要点:学好优发娱乐官网  
    编辑点评: 无论是初中、高中、大学,出国还是工作,词汇永远是优发娱乐官网学习首先需要解决的内功和基础,记好单词在优发娱乐官网学习过程中的作用不言而喻,但是到底如何才能迅速地记住大量单词?
    今天要给大家介绍的单词记忆法——词根记忆法!用词根记忆单词,保证你记单词效率高的不要不要的! 首先,用词根记忆单词有什么好处? 优发娱乐官网单词就像我们的汉字一样,多数都不是孤零零单独创造的,而是由多个零件组成,这些零件就包含单词的词根、词缀,就像汉字的偏旁部首一样。 所以通过对词根词缀的学习,我们可以了解单词的内部变化规律,更加系统地提高学习技巧。当形成体系之后,我们就可以把数以千记的词汇串联起来,就像一个塑料袋,可以把很多的词汇商品装进去。把单词从含义和形式的角度串联起来,从而使得记忆更加经济高效。 其次,常见常用的词根其实就那些! 其实常见的词根并不难,很多词根在你学习的初高中阶段的词汇就已经出现了,我们完全可以利用我们已学的词汇来帮助记忆词根词缀,进而拓展新的单词,这个问题就完全解决了。 以下给大家放出30个最常用最普遍的词根:
    1. Psych — (G) Mind
    Psychology (the study of the mind)
    2. Phil — (G) Love
    Cinephile (movie lover)
    3. Struc — (L) Build
    Structure (parts or pieces built into something complex)
    4. Vac — (L) Empty
    Vacuous (having an empty mind, not thinking)
    5. Ver — (L) True
    Veritable (real, true, authentic)
    6. Scrib/Scrip — (L) Write
    Prescription (a written note signed by a doctor which provides instructions for medicine or treatment)
    7. Mega — (G) Great, large
    Megaphone (a large device which makes your voice louder)
    8. Mono — (G) Single
    Monochromatic (having only one color)
    9. Luc — (L) Light
    Lucid (bright, clear)
    10. Mal — (L) Bad
    Malevolent (wanting to do bad or evil things)
    11. Mar — (L) Sea
    Marina (a port or harbor for boats and ships)
    12. Manu/Mani — (L) Hand
    Manicure (a treatment to make your hands look clean, neat and polished)
    13. Min — (L) Small
    Miniscule (very small in size)
    14. Fort — (L) Strong
    Fortitude (strength)
    15. Mort — (L) Death
    Mortician (someone who prepares dead bodies to be buried)
    16. Nas/Nat — (L) Birth
    Nascent (coming into existence, something just recently created)
    17. Trans — (L) Across
    Transatlantic (something which crosses the Atlantic Ocean)
    18. Voc/Vos — (L) Voice
    Vociferous (loud, someone who speaks loudly or talks a lot)
    19. Aqua — (L) Water
    Aquarium (a tank of water where fish are kept as pets)
    20. Bene — (L) Good
    Benevolent (wanting good things for people, generous, kind)
    21. Chron — (G) Time
    Chronological (organized by time of occurrence)
    22. Bio — (G) Life
    Biology (the study of living things)
    23. Theo — (G) God
    Theology (the study of religion)
    24. Phone — (G) Sound
    Telephone (a device used to talk with other people)
    25. Omni — (L) All
    Omniscient (knowing everything)
    26. Sens/Sent — (L) Feel
    Sentimental (emotional, attaching emotional value to things)
    27. Terr — (L) Earth
    Terrarium (a container for land animals kept as pets, often containing rocks, dirt or sand)
    28. Vid/Vis — (L) See
    Visible (able to be seen)
    29. Auto — (G) Self
    Automatic (happens on its own)
    30. Poly — (G) Many
    Polyglot (person who can speak many languages)
    除了这些常见的词根,很多前缀、后缀的含义也都是固定的。 如,常见的前缀:
    1. ad — (L) to, attached to
    2. amphi — (G) both, about, around
    3. andro — (G) man, male
    4. semi — (L) half
    5. non — (L) not
    6. pre — (L) before
    7. inter — (L) between
    8. anti — (G) against, opposed
    9. co — (L) with, together
    10. mono — (G) one, single, alone
    常见的后缀:
    1. able — (L) is, can be
    2. act — (L) state, quality
    3. phil/phile — (G) fear, fearing
    4. chrome — (G) color
    5. logy — (G) study of
    6. ism — (G) act, practice or result of
    7. some — (G) body
    8. cidal/cide — (L) killer, a killing
    9. meter — (G) a measurement
    10. nomy — (G) systematized knowledge of
    这种记单词的方法你get到了吗?愿你能高效率的背起单词哦!

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