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    SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(1-50)

    所属专题:SAT考试  来源:新东方在线    要点:SAT高频词汇  
    编辑点评: 为了方便同学记忆SAT词汇,小编特推出SAT单词考前必背高频词系列共7个list, 每个list有50个千挑万选出来的单词,希望对考生备考有所帮助。
    SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(1-50) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(51-100) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(101-150) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(151-200) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(201-250) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(251-300) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(301-350) 1. diverse diverse /daɪˈvɜːs/ ADJ If a group of things is diverse, it is made up of a wide variety ofthings. 各种各样的 例: The building houses a wideand diverse variety of antiques. 这栋楼里摆放着大量各式各样的古董。 2. devised devise /dɪˈvaɪz/ ( devising, devised, devises ) V-T If you devise a plan,system, or machine, you have the idea for it and design it. 构思; 设计 例: We deviseda scheme to help him. 我们想出了一个计划来帮助他。 3. ignominy ignominy /ˈɪɡnəˌmɪnɪ/ N-UNCOUNT Ignominy is shame or public disgrace. 耻辱; 公开羞辱 [正式][oft N 'of' n/-ing] 例: ...the ignominy of being fired. ...被开除的羞辱。 4. acolyte acolyte /ˈækəˌlaɪt/ (acolytes ) N-COUNT An acolyte is afollower or assistant of an important person. 追随者 [正式] 例: To his acolytes, he is known simply as "the Boss." 对于他的助手来说,他就只是“老板”。 5. compassion compassion /kəmˈpæʃən/ N-UNCOUNT Compassion is a feeling of pity, sympathy, and understanding for someone who is suffering. 同情 例: Elderly people need time and compassion from their physicians. 老年人需要医生的时间和同情心。 6. ruthless ruthless /ˈruːθlɪs/ CET6+ TEM4 ADJ If you say that someoneis ruthless, you mean that you disapprove of them because they are very harsh or cruel, and will do anything that is necessary to achieve what they want. 残酷的 [表不满] 例: The president was ruthless in dealing with any hint of internalpolitical dissent. 这位总统对任何内部政治分歧的苗头都毫不留情。 7. ubiquitous ubiquitous /juːˈbɪkwɪtəs/ TEM8 ADJ If you describe somethingor someone as ubiquitous, you mean that they seem to be everywhere. 无所不在的 [正式] 例: Sugaris ubiquitous in the diet. 糖在饮食中到处可见。 8. apoplectic apoplectic /ˌæpəˈplɛktɪk/ ADJ If someone is apoplectic, they are extremely angry aboutsomething. 勃然大怒的; 怒不可遏的 [正式] 9. charismatic charismatic /ˌkærɪzˈmætɪk/ TEM8 ADJ A charismatic personattracts, influences, and inspires people by their personal qualities. 有魅力的 例: With her striking looks and charismatic personality, she was noticed far and wide. 她以出众的相貌和富有魅力的个性闻名遐迩。 10. provisional provisional /prəˈvɪʒənəl/ CET6+ TEM8 ADJ You use provisional todescribe something that has been arranged or appointed for the present, but maybe changed in the future. 临时的; 暂时的 例: ...the possibility of settingup a provisional coalition government. …建立一个临时的联合政府的可能性。 11. matured mature /məˈtjʊə, -ˈtʃʊə/ CET4 TEM4 ( maturing, matured, maturer,maturest, matures ) V-I When a child or young animal matures, it becomes an adult. (小孩、幼崽) 发育成熟 例: You will learn what to expectas your child matures physically. 当你的孩子身体发育成熟时,你将知道会发生什么。 12. fulfilling fulfil /fʊlˈfɪl/ CET4 TEM4 (fulfilling, fulfilled, fulfils ) V-T If you fulfil somethingsuch as a promise, dream, or hope, you do what you said or hoped you would do. 实现 (承诺、梦想、希望等) 例: President Kaunda fulfilled his promise of announcing a date for the referendum. 卡翁达总统实现了他的关于宣布投票公决日期的诺言。 13. severe severe /sɪˈvɪə/ CET4 TEM4 ( severer, severest ) ADJ You use severe to indicate that something bad or undesirable is great or intense. 严重的 例: ...a business with severe cash flow problems. …一个有严重现金流转问题的企业。 14. upbraid upbraid /ʌpˈbreɪd/ (upbraiding, upbraided, upbraids ) V-T If you upbraid someone,you tell them that they have done something wrong and criticize them for doingit. 责骂 [正式] 例: His mother summoned him, upbraided him, wept and prayed. 他母亲把他叫来,责骂了他。然后母亲哭着做了祷告。 15. underdog underdog /ˈʌndəˌdɒɡ/ TEM8 (underdogs ) N-COUNT The underdog in acompetition or situation is the person who seems least likely to succeed orwin.处于劣势者 例: Most of the crowd werecheering for the underdog to win just this onetime. 人群中大多数人在为那位处于劣势者赢得一次比赛而加油鼓劲。 16. pioneer pioneer /ˌpaɪəˈnɪə/ CET4 TEM4 ( pioneering, pioneered, pioneers ) N-COUNT Someone who isreferred to as a pioneer in a particular area of activity is one of the firstpeople to be involved in it and develop it. 先驱 例: ...one of the leading pioneers of photojournalism. …摄影新闻界的主要先驱之一。 17. vanguard vanguard /ˈvænˌɡɑːd/ N-SING If someone is in the vanguard of something such as a revolution or an area of research, they are involved in the most advanced part of it. You can also refer to the peoplethemselves as the vanguard. 先锋 例: Students and intellectualshave been in the vanguard of revolutionary change inChina. 学生和知识分子一直是中国革命变革的先锋。 18. complicity complicity /kəmˈplɪsɪtɪ/ TEM4 N-UNCOUNT Complicity is involvement with other people in an illegal activity or plan. 同谋 [正式] 例: Recently a number ofpolicemen were sentenced to death for their complicity in the murder. 近来很多警察因参与这起谋杀而被判死刑。 19. exonerated exonerate /ɪɡˈzɒnəˌreɪt/ TEM8 ( exonerating, exonerated, exonerates) V-T If a court, report, orperson in authority exonerates someone, they officially say or show that that person is not responsible for something wrong or unpleasant that has happened. 宣判···无罪; 证明...的清白 [正式] 例: The official report basically exonerated everyone. 该官方报告基本洗脱了所有人的干系。 20. rampant rampant /ˈræmpənt/ CET6+ TEM8 ADJ If you describe something bad, such as a crime or disease, as rampant, you mean that it is very common and is increasing in an uncontrolled way. 猖獗的; 泛滥的 例: Inflation is rampant and industry in decline. 通货膨胀肆虐,工业生产下降。 21. proscribed proscribe /prəʊˈskraɪb/ (proscribing, proscribed, proscribes ) V-T If something is proscribed by people in authority, the existence or the use of that thing is forbidden. 正式宣布被禁止[正式] [usu passive] 例: In some cultures surgery is proscribed. 在有些文化里,外科手术是被禁止的。 22. spare spare /spɛə/ CET4 TEM4 ( sparing, spared, spares ) ADJ You use spare to describe something that is the same as things that you are already using, but that youdo not need yet and are keeping ready in case another one is needed. 备用的 例: If possible keep a spare pair of glasses accessible in case your mainpair is broken or lost. 如有可能留一副备用眼镜以防你常用的那副打碎或丢失。 23. dispute dispute /dɪˈspjuːt/ CET4 TEM4 ( disputing, disputed, disputes ) N-VAR A dispute is an argument or disagreement between people or groups. 争论 例: They have won previous pay disputes with the government. 他们曾赢过前几起与政府的工资纠纷。 24. strenuous strenuous /ˈstrɛnjʊəs/ CET6+ TEM8 ADJ A strenuous activity oraction involves a lot of energy or effort. 艰苦的; 剧烈的 例: Avoid strenuous exercise in the evening. 应避免在傍晚进行剧烈的运动。 25. crucial crucial /ˈkruːʃəl/ CET4 TEM4 ADJ If you describe somethingas crucial, you mean it is extremely important. 至关重要的 例: He had administrators underhim but made the crucial decisions himself. 尽管他手下有许多官员,但重要的决定还是他自己做。 26. recruiting recruit /rɪˈkruːt/ CET4 TEM4 ( recruiting, recruited, recruits ) V-T If you recruit people foran organization, you select them and persuade them to join it or work for it. 招收; 招募 例: The police are trying to recruit more black and Hispanic officers. 警方正试图招收更多的黑人和西班牙裔的警官。 27. longevity longevity /lɒnˈdʒɛvɪtɪ/ CET6+ TEM4 N-UNCOUNT Longevity is longlife. 长寿 [正式] 例: Human longevity runs in families. 人类长寿是有遗传的。 28. characterize characterize /ˈkærɪktəˌraɪz/ CET4 TEM4 ( characterizing, characterized,characterizes ) BRIT also characterise V-T If something ischaracterized by a particular feature or quality, that feature or quality is anobvious part of it.以…为特征 [正式] [usu passive] 例: This election campaign has been characterized by violence. 这次竞选运动以暴力为特征。 29. mountainous mountainous /ˈmaʊntɪnəs/ CET6 TEM4 ADJ A mountainous place has alot of mountains. 多山的 例: ...the mountainous region of New Mexico. …新墨西哥州的多山地区。 30. ameliorate ameliorate /əˈmiːljəˌreɪt/ (ameliorating, ameliorated, ameliorates ) V-T If someone or something ameliorates a situation, they make it better or easierin some way. 改善 [正式] 31. exacerbate exacerbate /ɪɡˈzæsəˌbeɪt/ TEM8 ( exacerbating, exacerbated, exacerbates ) V-T If something exacerbates a problem or bad situation, it makes itworse. 使…恶化 [正式] 例: Longstanding poverty has been exacerbated by racial divisions. 由来已久的贫穷因种族分裂而更加恶化了。 32. remuneration remuneration /rɪˌmjuːnəˈreɪʃən/TEM8 ( remunerations ) N-VAR Someone's remunerationis the amount of money that they are paid for the work that they do. 报酬; 酬金[正式] 例: ...the continuing marked increases in the remuneration of the company'sdirectors. …公司主管们薪酬的持续显著增加。 33. abstemious abstemious /əbˈstiːmɪəs/ ADJ Someone who is abstemious avoids doing too much of somethingenjoyable such as eating or drinking.有节制的 [正式] 34. malicious malicious /məˈlɪʃəs/ CET6 TEM4 ADJ If you describe someone'swords or actions as malicious, you mean that they are intended to harm peopleor their reputation, or cause them embarrassment and upset. 恶意的 例: That might merely have been malicious gossip. 那可能只是恶意闲言。 35. controversial controversial /ˌkɒntrəˈvɜːʃəl/ CET4 TEM4 ADJ If you describe somethingor someone as controversial, you mean that they are the subject of intensepublic argument, disagreement, or disapproval. 有争议的 例: Immigration is a controversial issue in many countries. 移民在很多国家都是一个有争议的问题。 36. hypothesis hypothesis /haɪˈpɒθɪsɪs/ CET6 TEM8 ( hypotheses ) N-VAR A hypothesis is an ideawhich is suggested as a possible explanation for a particular situation orcondition, but which has not yet been proved to be correct. 假设 [正式] 例: Work will now begin to test the hypothesis in rats. 在老鼠身上验证这一假设的工作现在要开始了。 37. suspended suspend /səˈspɛnd/ CET4 TEM4 ( suspending, suspended, suspends ) V-T If you suspend something,you delay it or stop it from happening for a while or until a decision is madeabout it. 暂停 例: The union suspended strike action this week. 工会本周暂停了罢工行动。 38. obstinate obstinate /ˈɒbstɪnɪt/ TEM4ADJ If you describe someone as obstinate,you are being critical of them because they are very determined to do what theywant, and refuse to change their mind or be persuaded to do something else. 固执的 [表不满] 例: He is obstinate and determined and will not give up. 他固执、坚决,不会放弃。 39. olfactory olfactory /ɒlˈfæktərɪ, -trɪ, əʊl-/ ADJ Olfactory means concernedwith the sense of smell. 嗅觉的 [正式][ADJ n] 例: This olfactory sense develops in the womb. 这一嗅觉在子宫内形成。 40. obstreperous obstreperous /əbˈstrɛpərəs/ ADJ If you say that someoneis obstreperous, you think that they are noisy and difficult to control. 喧闹的; 不服约束的 [表不满] 例: You know I have no intentionof being awkward and obstreperous. 你知道我无意存心作对。 41. iconoclast iconoclast /aɪˈkɒnəˌklæst/ (iconoclasts ) N-COUNT If you describesomeone as an iconoclast, you mean that they often criticize beliefs and thingsthat are generally accepted by society. 反社会习俗者; 抨击社会传统观念者 [正式] 42. skewered skewer /ˈskjʊə/ ( skewers ) N-COUNT A skewer is a longpin made of wood or metal that is used to hold pieces of food together duringcooking. 串肉扦; 烤肉叉 43. nuance nuance /njuːˈɑːns/ CET6+ TEM8( nuances ) N-VAR A nuance is a smalldifference in sound, feeling, appearance, or meaning. (声音、感觉、外貌或意义等方面的) 细微差别 例: We can use our eyes andfacial expressions to communicate virtually everysubtle nuance of emotion there is. 我们可以用眼睛和面部表情来如实地传达情感上的每一丝细微差别。 44. deceit deceit /dɪˈsiːt/ CET6+ TEM4 ( deceits ) N-VAR Deceit is behaviourthat is deliberately intended to make people believe something which is nottrue. 欺骗 例: He was living a secret lifeof deceit and unfaithfulness. 他过着欺骗和不忠的隐瞒生活。 45. underestimated underestimate /ˌʌndərˈɛstɪˌmeɪt/ CET6 TEM4 ( underestimating, underestimated,underestimates ) V-T If you underestimatesomething, you do not realize how large or great it is or will be. 低估 (某事) 例: None of us should ever underestimate the degree of difficulty women face incareer advancement. 我们谁都不应低估妇女在职业发展中所面临的困难程度。 46. complexity complexity /kəmˈplɛksɪtɪ/ CET6 N-UNCOUNT Complexity is thestate of having many different parts connected or related to each other in acomplicated way. 复杂性 例: ...a diplomatic tangle of great complexity. …一场非常复杂的外交纠纷。 47. undaunted undaunted /ʌnˈdɔːntɪd/ ADJ If you are undaunted, youare not at all afraid or worried about dealing with something, especiallysomething that would frighten or worry most people. 未被吓倒的 例: Undaunted by the scale of the job, Lesley set about planning howeach room should look. 莱斯利没有被该工程的规模所吓倒,开始规划每个房间的陈设。 48. parity parity /ˈpærɪtɪ/ N-UNCOUNT If there is paritybetween two things, they are equal. 平等;相等 [正式] 例: Women have yet to achieve wage or occupational parity in many fields. 妇女们在许多领域尚有待获得薪酬或职业的平等。 49. synthesize synthesize /ˈsɪnθɪˌsaɪz/ TEM4 ( synthesizing, synthesized, synthesizes) BRIT also synthesise V-T To synthesize a substancemeans to produce it by means of chemical or biological reactions. 合成 [技术] 例: After extensive research,Albert Hoffman first succeeded in synthesizing the acid in 1938. 经过大量研究之后,艾伯特·霍夫曼于1938年首次成功合成了迷幻剂。 50. interweaving interweave /ˌɪntəˈwiːv/ CET6 ( interweaving, interwove, interwoven,interweaves ) V-RECIP If two or more thingsare interwoven or interweave, they are very closely connected or are combinedwith each other. 交织 例: For these people, land is inextricably interwoven with life itself. 对那些人来说,土地和生活本身紧密交织在一起。 声明:沪江网高度重视知识产权保护,发现本网站发布的信息包含有侵犯其著作权的链接内容时,请联系我们,我们将做相应处理。
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    1. SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(301-350) 为了方便同学记忆SAT词汇,小编特推出SAT单词考前必背高频词系列共7个list, 每个list有50个千挑万选出来的单词,每个list分为2个部分,希望对考生备考有所帮助。
    2. SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(251-300)
    3. SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(201-250)
    4. SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(151-200)
    5. SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(101-150)
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