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    SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(201-250)

    所属专题:SAT考试  来源:新东方在线    要点:SAT高频词汇  
    编辑点评: 为了方便同学记忆SAT词汇,小编特推出SAT单词考前必背高频词系列共7个list, 每个list有50个千挑万选出来的单词,每个list分为2个部分,希望对考生备考有所帮助。
    SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(1-50) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(51-100) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(101-150) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(151-200) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(201-250) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(251-300) SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(301-350) 201. juxtaposition juxtaposition /ˌdʒʌkstəpəˈzɪʃən/ ( juxtapositions ) N-VAR The juxtaposition oftwo contrasting objects, images, or ideas is the fact that they are placedtogether or described together, so that the differences between them areemphasized. 并列 [正式] 例: This juxtaposition of brutal reality and lyrical beauty run sthrough Park's stories. 残酷的现实和抒情诗般的美并存贯穿于帕克的故事之中。 202. inequity inequity /ɪnˈɛkwɪtɪ/ (inequities ) N-VAR If you refer to the inequity of something, it lacks balance or fairness. 不平衡; 不公平 [正式] 例: Social imbalance worries him more than inequity of income. 社会失衡比收入不公平更令他担忧。 203. disparity disparity /dɪˈspærɪtɪ/ TEM8 ( disparities ) N-VAR If there is a disparity between two or more things, there is a noticeable difference between them. 明显差异 [正式] 例: ...thehealth disparities between ethnic and socio-economic groups in the U.S. …美国各种族和社会经济群体之间明显的健康差异。 204. modest ADJ You use modest to describe something such as an amount, rate, or improvement which is fairlysmall. (数量、比率或改进幅度等) 较小的 例: Unemployment rose to thestill modest rate of 0.7%. 失业率升高到0.7%这个还算低的水平。 205. abdicated abdicate /ˈæbdɪˌkeɪt/ TEM8 (abdicating, abdicated, abdicates ) 1. V-I If a king or queenabdicates, he or she gives up being king or queen. 退位 例: The last French king wasLouis Philippe, who abdicated in 1848. 最后一位法国国王是路易斯·菲利普, 退位于1848年。 2. V-T If you say that someone has abdicated responsibility for something, you disapprove of thembecause they have refused to accept responsibility for it any longer. 推卸 (职责) [正式] 例: Many parents simply abdicate all responsibility for their children. 很多父母干脆推卸掉他们对孩子的所有责任。 206. irascibility irascibility [i,ræsə'biləti] n. irascible的变形 irascible [i'ræsəbl] adj. 易怒的,性情暴躁的 发怒的,怒气冲冲的;由发怒引起的 207. brusqueness brusqueness n. brusque,brusk的变形 brusque,brusk [brusk] adj. (在态度或言词方面)粗暴的,简慢的,生硬无礼的,鲁莽的,粗率的,唐突的 208. dexterous dexterous /ˈdɛkstrəs/ (alsodextrous) ADJ Someone who is dexterousis very skilful and clever with their hands.(手)灵巧的 例: As people grow older they generally become less dexterous. 随着人年龄增长,他们通常变得不那么手巧了。 209. residual residual /rɪˈzɪdjʊəl/ TEM4 ADJ Residual is used todescribe what remains of something when most of it has gone. 残留的 例: ...residual radiation from nuclear weapons testing. …来自核武器试验的残留放射物。 210. stuffed stuffed /stʌft/ ADJ filled with something,esp (of poultry and other food) filled with stuffing 塞满了的; 吃饱了的 211. agent 动因 212. usurped usurp /juːˈzɜːp/ TEM8 ( usurping, usurped, usurps ) V-T If you say that someoneusurps a job, role, title, or position, they take it from someone when theyhave no right to do this. 篡夺; 夺取 [正式] 例: Did she usurp his place in his mother's heart? 她夺取了他在他母亲心目中的地位吗? 213. adroitness adroit [ə'drɔit] adj. 灵巧的;熟练的 巧妙的,机灵的,机敏的;聪明的;精明的(at,in) 214. conviviality conviviality n.convivial的变形 convivial[kən'viviəl] adj. 喜吃喝交际的,好饮酒作乐的 欢宴的;适于盛宴的 215. pomposity pomposity /pɒmˈpɒsɪtɪ/ N-UNCOUNT Pomposity means speaking or behaving in a veryserious manner that shows you think you are more important than you really are.摆架子 [表不满] 例: Einstein was a scientist who hated pomposity and disliked being called a genius. 科学家爱因斯坦不喜欢摆架子,也不喜欢被称为天才。 216. misanthrope misanthrope /ˈmɪzənˌθrəʊp/ (misanthropes ) N-COUNT A misanthrope is a person who does not like other people. 遁世者; 厌恶世人者 [正式] 217. curmudgeon curmudgeon /kɜːˈmʌdʒən/ (curmudgeons ) N-COUNT If you call someone a curmudgeon, you do not like them because they are mean or bad-tempered. 坏脾气的人 [老式] 例: ...such a terrible old curmudgeon. ...一个脾气如此糟糕的老头。 218. animus animus /ˈænɪməs/ N-UNCOUNT If a person has ananimus against someone, they have a strong feeling of dislike for them, evenwhen there is no good reason for it. 敌意 [正式] [usu N prep] 例: Your animus toward him suggests that you are the wrong man for the job. 你对他的敌意说明你不适合这份工作。 219. acuity acuity /əˈkjuːɪtɪ/ N-UNCOUNT Acuity is sharpness of vision or hearing, or quickness of thought. (视觉或听觉)敏锐度; (思维)敏捷度 [正式] 例: We work on improving visual acuity. 我们致力于提高视觉敏锐度。 220. fastidious fastidious /fæˈstɪdɪəs, fə-/ TEM8 ADJ If you say that someoneis fastidious, you mean that they pay great attention to detail because theylike everything to be very neat, accurate, and in good order. 极其注重细节的 例: ...her fastidious attention to historical detail. …她对历史细节极为细致的关注。 221. ingenuous ingenuous /ɪnˈdʒɛnjʊəs/ TEM8 ADJ If you describe someoneas ingenuous, you mean that they are innocent, trusting, and honest. 天真的; 老实的 [正式] [ADV with v, ADV adj] 例: He seemed too ingenuous for a reporter. 他好像太天真诚实,不适合做记者。 222. prosaic prosaic /prəʊˈzeɪɪk/ ADJ Something that is prosaic is dull and uninteresting. 枯燥乏味的[正式] 例: His instructor offered a more prosaic explanation for the surge in interest. 他的老师对利率的急剧上升给出了一个更枯燥乏味的解释。 223. nurtured nurture /ˈnɜːtʃə/ CET6 TEM8 ( nurturing, nurtured, nurtures ) 1. V-T If you nurture something such as a young child or ayoung plant, you care for it while it is growing and developing. 养育[正式] 例: Parents want to know the best way to nurture and raise their child to adulthood. 父母们想了解把他们的孩子养育成人的最好方法。 2. V-T If you nurture plans, ideas, or people, you encouragethem or help them to develop. 培养 [正式] 例: She had always nurtured greatambitions for her son. 她一直在培养她儿子的雄心大志。 例: ...parents whose political views were nurtured in the sixties. …政治观点形成于60年代的父母们。 224. contagious contagious /kənˈteɪdʒəs/ CET6+ TEM4 1. ADJ A disease that is contagious can be caught bytouching people or things that are infected with it. Compare . 接触传染的 例: ...a highly contagious disease of the lungs. …一种高度接触传染的肺病。 2. ADJ A feeling or attitude that is contagious spreadsquickly among a group of people. 有感染力的 例: Laughing is contagious. 笑是有感染力的。 225. protean protean /prəʊˈtiːən/ ADJ If you describe someone or something as protean, youmean that they have the ability to continually change their nature, appearance,or behaviour. 多变的; 变化多端的[正式] [usu ADJ n] 例: He is a protean stylist whocan move from blues to ballads and grand symphony. 他是一位富有变化的艺术家,能从布鲁斯转换到民谣以及雄壮的交响乐。 226. spry spry /spraɪ/ ADJ Someone, especially an old person, who is spry, is livelyand active. (尤指老人)精力充沛的; 精神矍铄的 [usu v-link ADJ] 例: The old gentleman was as spry as ever. 这位老先生依然精神矍铄。 227. flourish flourish /ˈflʌrɪʃ/ CET4 TEM4 ( flourishing, flourished, flourishes ) V-I If something flourishes, it is successful, active, orcommon, and developing quickly and strongly. 繁荣; 兴旺 例: Business flourished andwithin six months they were earning 18,000 roubles a day. 生意兴隆,6个月中他们每天挣18000卢布。 228. adversarial adversarial /ˌædvɜːˈsɛərɪəl/ ADJ If you describe somethingas adversarial, you mean that it involves two or more people or organizationswho are opposing each other. 对立的 [正式] 例: In our country there is an adversarial relationship between government andbusiness. 在我们的国家,在政府和商界之间存有一种敌对关系。 229. ascribed ascribe /əˈskraɪb/ CET6 TEM8 ( ascribing, ascribed, ascribes ) V-T If you ascribe an eventor condition to a particular cause, you say or consider that it was caused bythat thing. 将…归因于 [正式] 230. anachronistic anachronistic /əˈnækrəˌnɪstɪk/ ADJ You say that something isanachronistic when you think that it is out of date or old-fashioned. 过时的 例: Many of its practices seem anachronistic. 它的很多做法似乎过时了。 231.dilatory dilatory /ˈdɪlətərɪ/ ADJ Someone or something thatis dilatory is slow and causes delay. 拖拉的 [正式] 例: You might expect politiciansto smooth things out when civil servants are being dilatory. 当公务员办事拖拉时,你可能期望政治家们能够把事情顺利解决。 232. equanimity equanimity /ˌiːkwəˈnɪmɪtɪ, ˌɛk-/ N-UNCOUNT Equanimity is acalm state of mind and attitude to life, so that you never lose your temper orbecome upset. 平静; 坦然 [正式] [oft 'with' N] 例: His sense of humour allowedhim to face adversaries with equanimity. 他的幽默感让他在面对对手时也不失平静。 232. exploitative exploitative /ɪkˈsplɔɪtətɪv/ ADJ If you describe somethingas exploitative, you disapprove of it because it treats people unfairly byusing their work or ideas for its own advantage, and giving them very little inreturn. 剥削性的 [正式] 例: The expansion of Westerncapitalism incorporated the Third World into an exploitative world system. 西方资本主义的扩张将第三世界纳入了一个剥削性的世界体系。 233. forestall forestall /fɔːˈstɔːl/ TEM8 ( forestalling, forestalled, forestalls) V-T If you forestall someone,you realize what they are likely to do and prevent them from doing it. 预先阻止 例: Large numbers of police werein the square to forestall any demonstrations. 大批警察在广场上以预先阻止任何游行示威。 234. thwarted thwart /θwɔːt/ TEM4 ( thwarting, thwarted, thwarts ) V-T If you thwart someone orthwart their plans, you prevent them from doing or getting what they want. 阻挠; 挫败 例: The security forces weredoing all they could to thwart terrorists. 安全部队正尽其所能挫败恐怖分子。 235. unpremeditated unpremeditated /ˌʌnprɪˈmɛdɪˌteɪtɪd/ ADJ not planned beforehand;spontaneous 非预谋的 236. vituperative vituperative /vɪˈtjuːpərətɪv/ ADJ Vituperative remarks arefull of hate, anger, or insults. 辱骂的 [正式] [ADJ n] 例: He is often the victim of vituperative remarks concerning hiswealth. 他经常因为他的财富而遭受辱骂。 237. expurgate expurgate /ˈɛkspəˌɡeɪt/ TEM8 ( expurgating, expurgated, expurgates ) V-T If someone expurgates apiece of writing, they remove parts of it before it is published because theythink those parts will offend or shock people. (作品出版前因考量内容尺度而做的)删减 [正式] 例: He heavily expurgated the work in its second edition. 在第二版中,他大幅删减了该作品。 238. galling galling /ˈɡɔːlɪŋ/ ADJ irritating, exasperating,or bitterly humiliating 使愤怒的; 羞辱性的 239. demagogue demagogue /ˈdɛməˌɡɒɡ/(also demagog) TEM8 ( demagogues ) N-COUNT If you say thatsomeone such as a politician is a demagogue you are criticizing them becauseyou think they try to win people's support by appealing to their emotionsrather than using reasonable arguments. 煽动者 [oft adj N] [表不满] 240. nimble nimble /ˈnɪmbəl/ TEM8 ( nimbler, nimblest ) 1. ADJ Someone who is nimble is able to move theirfingers, hands, or legs quickly and easily. 敏捷灵巧的 例: Everything had been stitched by Molly's nimble fingers. 样样都是莫利敏捷灵巧的手缝制成的。 2. ADJ If you say that someone has a nimble mind, youmean they are clever and can think very quickly. 机智的 例: A nimble mindbacked by a degree in economics gave him a firm grasp of financial matters. 一个机智头脑加上一个经济学学位使他对金融问题能准确把握。 241. impermeable adj. 不渗透性的;(对水等)不能渗透的 242. buoyancy buoyancy /ˈbɔɪənsɪ/ TEM8 1. N-UNCOUNT Buoyancy is theability that something has to float on a liquid or in the air. 浮力 例: Air can be pumped into thediving suit to increase buoyancy. 可以往潜水衣中打气增加浮力。 2. N-UNCOUNT Buoyancy is afeeling of cheerfulness. 愉快 例: ...a mood of buoyancy and optimism. …愉快、乐观的情绪。 3. N-UNCOUNT There iseconomic buoyancy when the economy is growing. 繁荣 例: The likelihood is that theslump will be followed by a period of buoyancy. 有可能在衰退之后出现一段繁荣时期。 243. pounce pounce /paʊns/ TEM8 ( pouncing, pounced, pounces ) 1. V-I If someone pounces onyou, they come up toward you suddenly and take hold of you. (向某人) 猛扑 例: Hepounced on the photographer, beat him up, and smashed his camera. 他猛扑向那个摄影师,揍了他,并砸碎了他的相机。 2. V-I If someone pounces onsomething such as a mistake, they quickly draw attention to it, usually inorder to gain an advantage for themselves or to prove that they are right. (对某事) 抓住不放 例: The Democrats were ready to pounce on any Republican failings or mistakes. 民主党人准备要抓住共和党人的瑕疵或错误不放。 244. deftly deftly adv. deft的变形 deft [deft] adj. 灵巧的,敏捷的,聪明的;熟练的,娴熟的,技巧的 245. discreet discreet /dɪˈskriːt/ CET6 TEM8 ADJ If you are discreet, youare polite and careful in what you do or say, because you want to avoidembarrassing or offending someone. (言行)谨慎的 例: They were gossipy and not always discreet. 他们爱说闲话,而且不总是言语谨慎。 246. antipathy antipathy /ænˈtɪpəθɪ/ TEM8 N-UNCOUNT Antipathy is astrong feeling of dislike or hostility toward someone or something. 憎恶 [正式] 例: ...the voting public's antipathy toward the president. …投票民众对总统的憎恶。 247. abstruse abstruse /əbˈstruːs/ ADJ not easy to understand;recondite; esoteric 深奥的 248. allusion allusion /əˈluːʒən/ TEM8 ( allusions ) N-VAR An allusion is anindirect reference to someone or something. 暗指 例: This last point wasunderstood to be an allusion to the long-standing hostility between the two leaders. 这最后一点曾被理解为对这两位领导人之间长久敌意的一种影射。 249. wrongheaded wrongheaded /ˈrɔːŋˌhɛdɪd/ ADJ If you describe someoneas wrongheaded, you mean that although they act in a determined way, theiractions and ideas are based on wrong judgments. 执迷不悟的 例: He told them exactly how wrongheaded they were. 他实实在在地跟他们说他们有多执迷不悟。 250. chicanery chicanery /ʃɪˈkeɪnərɪ/ (chicaneries ) N-UNCOUNT Chicanery is usingcleverness to cheat people. 耍花招对他人的哄骗 [正式] [also N in pl] 声明:沪江网高度重视知识产权保护,发现本网站发布的信息包含有侵犯其著作权的链接内容时,请联系我们,我们将做相应处理。
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    1. SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(301-350) 为了方便同学记忆SAT词汇,小编特推出SAT单词考前必背高频词系列共7个list, 每个list有50个千挑万选出来的单词,每个list分为2个部分,希望对考生备考有所帮助。
    2. SAT词汇表:SAT考前必背高频词(251-300)
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