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优发娱乐官网阅读理解解题技巧

线话优发娱乐官网 (微信号【线话优发娱乐官网】) 女仆
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发表于:2017-06-19 17:45 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

【优发娱乐官网角】初中篇 优发娱乐官网阅读理解解题技巧

线话优发娱乐官网
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初中优发娱乐官网阅读理解解题技巧


一、要注意养成良好的阅读心理,阅读时要去掉杂念,心绪要安定,精神要专一,要形成一种惬意的顺向心理。切不可一遇到几个生词难句,就心烦意乱,失去自控能力。心理学家告诉我们,任何恐慌,过分紧张的情绪都会形成一种消极因素妨碍大脑的正常思维功能。因此,遇到困难一定要从容不迫,心无旁骛。这样才能对所读的文章印象清晰,理解深刻。

二、要提高视读的速度,考阅读理解,从另一个方面来说,考的是考试速度。因此做阅读理解时,要注意培养自己快速阅读的习惯。切不可在个别难懂的词句上磨蹭,只要全篇理解了,个别难懂的词句可以根据上下文和构词法去猜测,去推断。

三、对文章的评价分析,一定要坚持“词不离句,句不离篇”,要理解文章作者的原意,而不能按你自己的意愿去想当然。切记:一想当然,就会出错。
Tips
 1.审视标题,抓住中心  试题中有的文章有标题,有的没有,拟题人是有所考虑的。标题是文章主题的高度凝聚。它能给我们启发和想象,想象文章的内容和走向。这样做有利于对文章的理解,能提高做题的效率。
Tips
 2.浏览全文,掌握全貌  如果时间紧,至少要快速通读全文,尤其是首两段。再把标题和文章内容结合起来,这样全文的梗概便一目了然了。
Tips
  3.细读题目,抓住要点  对整篇短文内容有了一定的了解后,要马上看短文后的问题,带着问题去选择或判断答案。要确定所需查找的信息范围,并注意所查找信息的特点。例如:如果问题或选项涉及到人名、地名,就应该找首字母大写的单词;如果问题或选项涉及时间、日期、数字,就应该寻找具体的数据。另外还要注意试题难易,应暂时绕开那些少数较难的题目,先做最有把握、最熟悉的题目,也就是该类题可以直接或间接从文章中找到的。而对于那些要通过对文章归纳判断、逻辑推理的题目,需要再对全文快速阅读,仔细分析思考,反复比较、推敲选出正确答案。若文章短可先读短文,后看文后题目;如果文章太长,你可以先把文章后面的问题看一遍,带着问题去看文章。这样可以帮助你去掉杂念,提高阅读速度和解题的正确性。要善于找关键句,特别要注意文章的第一段和最后一段的头一句话,往往就是关键句,可以帮助你掌握文章的全貌,理解文章的主题。此外,还应该细读文章,因为有时的试题是考细节。可以边读边用铅笔做点标记,把有关的画出来。凡逢人物就圈起来,看完一数,有几个圈就是几个人,一目了然。
Tips
 4.细读文章,掌握细节        这次应细品,不可一晃而过。可边读边用铅笔做些记录,把有关的人物、事件、时间、地点、起因(即五个w:who, what, when, where, why)划出来。经过这样的处理,你对文章的内容和细节便会胸有成竹,对事态的发生、发展和解决有了更加深入的了解。
Tips
   5.理解大意,初选答案   一般短文都设有五个题目,对那些表层理解的题目可以断然选定。对那些深层理解的题目,应再查阅原文,但决不是简单重读,应找出依据,把所选答案代入文中,再确定正误。在确定答案时,对文章和题中的词语应结合上下文思考其确切意思,切忌望文生义,作出错误的判断。
Tips
 6.复读全文,核对答案        要用全文的主题思想统率各思考题,研究其内在的联系和逻辑关系,并依次审核那些未获解答的题,对照题目,推测判断,确保理解无误。
Tips
7.瞻前顾后,首尾突破对一具体问题不要局限于一词一事,而应从短文整体考虑,从主线向外扩展,打开思路,前后上下对照。这样,可减少“钻牛角尖”和“繁琐分析”。而且,在中考试题中,即使是事实和细节题,也是“围绕或用以说明主旨和大意”的。大多数短文,尤其是新闻报道或议论文的第一段,或每段的第一句,常包含了全文的主要信息或基本观点;而结尾部分常是结局或结论。寓言或幽默文字的结尾也往往是点晴之笔或值得玩味之处。因此,抓住首尾往往抓住了主要矛盾,主要矛盾解决了,次要矛盾也就迎刃而解了。

例析:

    Babies love chocolate – and sometimes they also eat the paper around it. My cat enjoys a meal of good, thick paper, and letters, for example. She doesn’t like newspapers very much.
    Of course, the paper comes from wood. Wood comes from trees, and trees are plants. Vegetables and fruit are plants too, and we eat a lot of them. So can we also eat wood and paper?
    Scientists say: “All food comes in some way from plants.” Well, is that true? Animals eat grass and grow fat. Then we eat their meat. Little fish eat sea-plants, then bigger fish swim along and eat the … Chickens eat bits of grass and give us … Think for a minute. What food does not come from plants in some way?
    Scientists can do wonderful things with plants. They can make food just like meat and cheese. And they can make it without the help of animals. It is very food too. Now they have begun to say: “We make our paper from wood. We can also make food from wood. The next thing is not very difficult.” What is the next thing? Perhaps it is – food from paper. Scientists say: “We can turn paper into food. It will be good, cheap food too; cheaper than meat or fish or eggs.”
    So please keep your old books and letters. (Don’t feed them to your cat.) One day, soon, they will be on your plate. There is nothing like a good story for breakfast.

1. What does the best paper come from?
A. Vegetables. B. Food. C. Plant. D. Wood.
2. From the passage, we can infer that ______ do not come from plants in some way.
A. few kinds of food B. meat and fish C. cheese and chickens D. wood and paper
3. What’s the main idea of this passage?
A. All food comes from plants in some way.
B. It will not be long before food can made from paper.
C. Scientists can do wonderful things with plants.
D. Scientists can make food without the help of animals.
4. The writer asks us to keep our old books and letters because ______.
A. they are useful for reading B. they may be used to feed cats
C. we can make food from them soon D. we can read them before meals
5. The best title for the passage is _______.
A. Food from Plants B. Plants, Animals and Food
C. Keep Your Books and Letters D. What Can We Make with Old Paper

分析:此篇短文讲述人们的食物都以某种形式来自于植物,将来科学家们不久会从纸张中提取食物。

1.可直接从第二段的第一句找到答案。答案:D

2.推论题。关键要注意到A项中few的未加a,表示“否定”的用法,它与后面的do not构成双重否定,意为“”,符合题意。答案:A

3.要抓住短文的中心内容。文章开头讲的是纸张,第三段科学家也讲到“所有食物都以某种方式来自于植物”。第四段与此题有关联的句子在第三行和第四行中。实际上作者已经给the next thing做出了正确的判断。答案:B

4.关键的句子是One day, soon, they will be on your plate.(不久的某一天,你的旧的书籍和信件就会成为你盘中的食物。)答案:C

5.与3题相关。答案:D


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